Overall rise in tribunal cases
Figures released by the Ministry of Justice earlier this month show an overall increase in the number of tribunal claims. Growing numbers of Social Security and Child Support (SSCS) Tribunals are driving this.
Appeals against decisions on Employment Support Allowance and Personal Independence Payments accounted for 85% of all SSCS appeals in the quarter October to December 2016. There was an increase of 47% of cases against the same quarter in the previous year. At the end of the quarter there were 79,455 appeals outstanding, an increase of 43% compared to the same quarter in 2015. Overall 63% of SSCS tribunal cases were decided in favour of the applicant.
Single claims for unfair dismissal and other cases that can be brought before an Employment Tribunal are remaining steady at around 4,300 per quarter. The number of such claims dropped considerably after the introduction of fees to bring a claim in July 2013. In 26% of cases in the quarter Oct- Dec 2016 a full or partial issue fee remission was granted. Most of the applications for full or partial concerned single cases; large multiple claims, the numbers of which fell in the quarter, tend to involve applicants who have the backing of a trade union or other representative.
Since the introduction of the Immigration Act 2014 the number of First-Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) claims has been declining. In October to December 2016, they were down by a third on the same quarter in 2015.